Baby Feeding Problems and Solutions
What problems might I encounter when feeding my baby?
If you are breastfeeding you may encounter latch issues, sore or cracked nipples, and/or engorgement. In bottle feeding you may encounter a higher instance of gas and constipation, or milk allergies/lactose intolerance. In either case thrush, acid reflux, and teething can cause feeding problems.
How do I know if my baby has a feeding problem?
If your baby is not gaining weight the way it should or is not producing at least six to eight wet diapers and three or so poopy diapers a day. Unusually fragrant or yellow urine may also be present. The baby may also be unwilling to feed or show signs of pain when feeding.
How to solve the above breastfeeding problems?
For latch issues not caused by improper positioning you’ll need to see a specialist or consult your doctor. Cracked or sore nipples are most often a cause of improper positioning, though in the first weeks this is common even with a proper latch.
Correct your latch to remedy the issue, or the case of a proper latch use ice, a supportive bra and hang in there. Engorgement will go away in time on its own. Do not pump simply to remove the excess milk. It will cause you to produce even more.
How to solve the above bottle feeding problems?
Look into baby holds that reduce and relieve gas. There are also infant gas drops which will relieve this. If symptoms persist try a different type of formula, preferably one without milk protein and see if the problem goes away. A milk allergy or lactose intolerance may be the cause.
Also, check to be sure you are holding the bottle properly. An improper hold or a bad bottle can cause the baby to swallow more air.
How to solve the other issues mentioned above?
Thrush will require medical care, consult your doctor. It can be recognized by white patches in the babies mouth. Thrush can also be a cause of nipple pain in breastfeeding mothers.
Acid reflux can be reduced by positional changes. In severe cases, a doctor should be seen.
Teething is a natural process that all parents must suffer through. You can give ice gum massagers and toys for the baby to chew on. There are also many teething pain relief medications on the market today.
Baby breastfeeding problems and solutions
Worried About Milk Supply?
Many women worry about milk supply, usually that they won’t produce enough due to breast size or other concerns. However, the milk supply is determined by supply and demand. The more your baby nurses the more your body will produce.
As long as your baby appears content after feeding and is displaying proper weight gain for its age, it is getting enough milk. Even when an infant is not getting enough milk it’s usually a case of improper breastfeeding position and not a low milk supply.
What are the proper positions?
There are four main positions that are most commonly used during breastfeeding; the cradle hold, the football hold, the cross-over hold and the reclining position.
The cradle hold- Baby’s head is supported by the crook of your arm while the free hand holds the nipple in position. Baby lies in front of you cradled in your arms.
The foot-ball hold- Mass of baby’s body is tucked under one arm and the head is supported by your hand.
Cross-over hold- Baby’s body is supported by one arm and its head by the other hand. This hold is similar to the cradle hold but offers more support.
Reclining position- The only lying position of the bunch. Lie on one side with your baby beside you. You may or may not support the baby’s head with your hand.
More in-depth explanations can be found below in sources and resource reading.
What should and shouldn’t I eat while breastfeeding?
Any medications should be cleared through a medical professional, over the counter or not. Anything you consume while breastfeeding will be transferred to your baby through your milk
As far as diet goes it’s important to maintain a healthy one including all of the five food groups. Be sure to drink plenty of fluids, because Calcium is particularly important while breastfeeding milk is an excellent choice. Doctors recommend an extra 500 calories a day to breastfeeding mothers.
Baby bottle feeding problems and solutions
Why chose bottle feeding over breastfeeding?
Though breastfeeding has been proven to have a wealth of benefits to both mom and baby sometimes bottle feeding is a better option.
If a mother has an infectious disease such as HIV, the baby has health issues that prevent proper nursing, or the mother is taking any type of drug that can be harmful to the baby, prescribed or otherwise breastfeeding is not recommended.
Bottle feeding also offers an option for others to feed the baby and eliminates leaking and/or breast discomfort for the mother.
What position should I bottle feed my baby in?
Baby should be tilted slightly upright and never fed while lying down as milk may flow into the inner ear causing ear infections. Keep the bottle itself tilted so that milk is always in the nipple preventing the baby from sucking air which can lead to uncomfortable gas.
How often and how much should I bottle feed my baby?
A baby should be fed on demand. Meaning anytime the baby shows signs of hunger it should be fed. A hungry baby will root around as if looking for something, make sucking motions or suck their hands/fingers.
The average newborn eats around 3 ounces of milk every 2-3 hours but every baby is different. As long as your baby is growing properly for its age, it’s getting enough milk.
How do I burp my baby and when?
A baby should be burped after 2-3 ounces of formula or in the case of breastfeeding between each breast and after feeding in both cases. Burping relieves built-up gas in the baby’s belly which may lead to discomfort and spit-up.
To burp a baby hold the baby against your shoulder, knee or lay it on your lap supporting the head well. Gently tap the babies back until a burp is produced.
What will I need to bottle feed my baby?
To bottle-feed whether pumping breast milk or feeding formula you will need:
- Bottle Brush and Method of Sterilizing bottles and nipples
Bottles and nipples should be appropriate for the age of the child. For instance, a newborn doesn’t need a large bottle but does need a slow drip nipple.
The speed at which a nipple drips is determined by the size and number of holes in the top. You can purchase a wide variety of bottles and nipples it’s a matter of finding what your baby likes.
For the first six months of life, all feeding equipment should be sterilized before use while the baby’s immune system is still weak.