Social, Emotional and Physical Development of a Child
A baby is typically considered a toddler as soon as he or she can walk, however social and emotional development is not so cut and dry. It should be noted that like physical development, not all children develop at the same rate. Today we will focus here briefly on the social, emotional and physical development of a child. Hopefully, these topics will help all parents.
The developments listed here and their time frames are approximate. If your child does not meet one this does not necessarily mean anything is wrong, though if a milestone is significantly behind you may want to bring it to your baby’s doctor’s attention.
Social and Emotional Development of a Child During First 3 Years
Social and emotional developmental characteristics between
One and two years of age
- A desire to do things on their own and a developing sense of independence. Tantrums may result from frustration if your child fails.
- Enjoy playing alone, or beside other children but not with other children. Your child may also be possessive and not share well.
- I cannot remember the rules but crave routine.
- Are egocentric.
- Have increased emotional awareness knowing when they are sad, happy, and others are too.
- Begin to show and understand fear, may have an increasing desire to be with their parents.
- Have rapid mood changes.
- Are curious and active.
- Point to show the desire for objects.
- Imitate animal sounds.
- Have a short attention span.
In this age range, a child is selfish, curious, rebellious and simply learning what the world is all about.
Two and three years of age
- The beginning of pretend play may enjoy dolls or action figures.
- With a slight increase in empathy, they may begin to enjoy play with other children and share more freely. Will however still be fairly self-centered.
- Begin to test boundaries, may do the opposite of what is asked of them, and use the word “No” often.
- Express a desire to do the things you do, and imitate actions and words of adults.
- Have increased confidence and want to do most everything themselves, tantrums are very common at this stage.
- Crave security.
- They can make choices and will think about doing things before they do them.
- Have a slightly longer attention span, can memorize things, and follow simple directions.
- Can express their emotions.
In this age range, a child begins to be less selfish, is extremely rebellious, and learns quickly. Be careful what a child at this age sees or hears, he or she is likely to repeat the action or words.
Physical Development of a Child During First 3 Years
Every parent wonders if his or her toddler is on track developmentally. It is important to remember that not every child develops at the same rate.
Your child may hit some milestones early and some significantly later than the average child may, and nothing at all may be wrong. If you do suspect a problem don’t be afraid to consult your pediatrician.
Physical Development of a Child During First 3 Years in the Various Stages Include:
One year to a year and a half:
- Bends over to pick up objects.
- Eats with fingers or a spoon and fork
- Walks fairly well on own, run and maybe even walk backward
- Can climb objects or stairs
- Can scribble with a crayon and turn book pages
- Will kick a ball, dance, or drag toys while walking
A year and a half to two years:
- Learns to jump
- Can walk down and upstairs easily
- Can use a spoon and fork well
- May be able to undress and even dress his or her self in simple clothing
- Can do simple puzzles, draw a straight line and stack blocks
- Imitates actions he or she sees well
- Opens doors with latches
Two to three years:
- Bends with ease without losing balance
- Can run and climb without trouble or slowing
- Can go up and down stairs alternating feet when stepping
- Turns rotating handles
- Can pedal a tricycle
- Can draw possibly holding a pencil in the proper way
- Can unscrew jars, lids, etc.
- Can stack more than 6 blocks atop one another